The road is now fully reopened following the incident late last night.
The crash on the stretch of motorway between the M6 interchange at Preston and junction four at the A583 saw the motorway closed in both directions just before 11pm.
Lancashire Road Police on twitter said the accident was "due to a sudden microburst of hail & snow causing a 24 vehicle pile up.
Thankfully no serious injuries, but it was carnage."
Highways England said: "The M55 is closed in both directions, J1 - J3, while our Traffic Officers work hard to assist the emergency services at the scene of an incident. Diversion routes are in place."
Natalie O'neill, who said she was 'just shaken up' said on Facebook: "Awful incident about 20-30 car pile up from between Preston to Kirkham junction
The road has now fully reopened to traffic in both directions and an investigation is underway.